What do you know about AFRICA

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What do you know about AFRICA

Postby SahanGalbeed » Thu Dec 29, 2011 9:00 pm

The Songhai Empire, also known as the Songhay Empire, was a state located in western Africa. From the early 15th to the late 16th century, Songhai was one of the largest Islamic empires in history.[3] This empire bore the same name as its leading ethnic group, the Songhai. Its capital was the city of Gao, where a Songhai state had existed since the 11th century. Its base of power was on the bend of the Niger River in present day Niger and Burkina Faso.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Songhai_Empire
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Last edited by SahanGalbeed on Thu Dec 29, 2011 9:04 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: What do you know about AFRICA

Postby Navy9 » Thu Dec 29, 2011 9:06 pm

The Sahel is 5,400 km (3,400 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Red Sea in the east, in a belt that varies from several hundred to a thousand kilometers (620 miles) in width, covering an area of 3,053,200 square kilometers (1,178,800 sq mi). It is a transitional ecoregion of semi-arid grasslands, savannas, steppes, and thorn shrublands lying between the wooded Sudanian savanna to the south and the Sahara to the north.

The topography of the Sahel is mainly flat, and the region mostly lies between 200 and 400 meters elevation. Several isolated plateaus and mountain ranges rise from the Sahel, but are designated as separate ecoregions because their flora and fauna are distinct from the surrounding lowlands. Annual rainfall varies from around 200 mm in the north of the Sahel to around 600 mm in the south.

Over the history of Africa the region has been home to some of the most advanced kingdoms benefiting from trade across the desert. Collectively these states are known as the Sahelian kingdoms.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sahel
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Re: What do you know about AFRICA

Postby IronSheik » Thu Dec 29, 2011 9:21 pm

Masha'Allah I enjoy topics like this keep them coming ukhti/akhis
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Re: What do you know about AFRICA

Postby SahanGalbeed » Thu Dec 29, 2011 10:01 pm

Futa Tooro refers to the region on the Senegal River in what is now northern Senegal and southern Mauritania.

The word Fuuta was a general name the Fulbe gave to any area they lived in, while Tooro was the actual identity of the region for its inhabitants. The people of the kingdom spoke Pulaar, a dialect of the greater Fula languages spanning West Africa from Senegal to Nigeria. They identified themselves by the language giving rise to the name Haalpulaar'en meaning those who speak Pulaar. The Haalpulaar'en are also known as Toucouleurs (var. Tukolor), a name derived from the ancient state of Tekrur.

The state of Denanke (1495/1514-1776) saw the origin of the modern Tukolor people. Migrations of the Fulbe left states in Fouta Tooro and Fouta Djallon to the south. In Fouta Tooro, the population became a unique mixture of Fula and Manding peoples who are today the Toucouleurs.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Futa_Tooro
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Re: What do you know about AFRICA

Postby barakaboy10 » Fri Dec 30, 2011 1:08 am

i know this much about Africa:

its politicians are corrupt; its people are hungry, something of them are starving to death as i write; majority of its populations live in squalid conditions; all member countries undeveloped; and the list goes on....and none of them is good!
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Re: What do you know about AFRICA

Postby zulaika » Sat Dec 31, 2011 4:13 pm

i know Africa is lot like a woman...

need i explain why? :lol:
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Re: What do you know about AFRICA

Postby abdisamad3 » Sat Dec 31, 2011 4:20 pm

what you know about Africa? I know so much of the continent: poverty Aids dictatorial rulers uncivilized people and wars.
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Re: What do you know about AFRICA

Postby NoAngst. » Sat Dec 31, 2011 6:10 pm

One of the best articles I read on Africa in a long time. Africa is the future. Economic growth will stagnate in the OECD countries and Asia won't be that far behind. This will be to Africa's advantage and all the recent signs -- record setting economic growth rates, political stability, improved business environments, more trade with the world and Africa -- point to promising future.



Economic growth has made the developing world less dependent on aid

A new generation of leaders, business friendly policies, technology, the spread of peace, and strong demand for natural resources have helped Africa to withstand the global downturn

I celebrated New Year's Day 2011 in Ethiopia, where we lived for three years. Ethiopia is humming with the optimism and energy of a fast-growing country, creating more jobs, sending more children to school, expanding healthcare, and providing electricity, clean water, sanitation and roads.

Ethiopia's economy grew by 7.5% this year, and it is not the only country in Africa to boast a high growth rate. Africa has been the fastest growing continent of the past decade. The emergence of a new generation of leaders, the end of the continent's debt crisis, business-friendly policies, new technologies, the spread of peace, and strong demand for natural resources have helped Africa withstand the global downturn.

Steve Radelet, a former senior fellow at the Centre for Global Development, has documented the emergence of 17 African countries in which total income is growing by more than 5% a year – increasing average incomes by 50% in 13 years. That growth is attracting businesses and investors from Africa and abroad, and the continent's middle class is expanding. By 2015, about 100m African households will have incomes greater than £2,000 a year, roughly as many as India today.

And as they grow, developing countries are becoming less dependent on aid.

At the start of 2011, we did not expect a year in which so many people would be able to claim their rights and freedom. The Arab spring has moved many of us, but should not have surprised us. Better government has spread across Africa and the Middle East, defying outdated assumptions in the west. Thirteen African countries held national elections in 2011, four leading to a change of government; there will be 13 more in 2012. South Sudan gained its independence after a largely peaceful referendum.

When the year began, we did not know the rains in east Africa would fail. But in contrast to the 1980s, in today's Ethiopia drought no longer means famine. Unlike its neighbour Somalia, there has been no repeat of the TV images of starving people in Ethiopia. That's because, with the help of foreign donors, it has put in place early warning, food reserves and distribution systems, and a safety net that supports the poorest families in their own communities.

As developing countries have become more integrated into the world economy, and less dependent on aid, so their interests have changed. The most important international events for developing countries this year were the repeated failures of European leaders to put in place a credible plan to save the euro, the G20's decision to put the world trade talks out of their misery, and modest progress at the Durban talks on climate change. These will all have more impact on developing countries than gatherings of the "development set" at World Bank meetings, the UN general assembly or the Busan forum on aid effectiveness.

But while progress has been good, it is not yet fast enough. Hundreds of thousands of people in the Horn of Africa will have spent Christmas in refugee camps, and about a billion people will go to bed hungry on New Year's Eve.

In the years ahead, the Centre for Global Development in Europe will be working with policymakers, researchers and academics to find evidence-based, politically savvy ways for rich countries and powerful institutions to help developing countries lift themselves out of poverty. Our focus is on the world's efforts to promote shared growth, protect our environment, reinvent our financial system, clamp down on international corruption, encourage and share innovation, reduce inequality and entrench peace.

For affluent and developing countries alike, these are the aspirations for 2012.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2011/dec/27/africa-economic-growth-less-aid
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Re: What do you know about AFRICA

Postby Armaan » Sat Dec 31, 2011 6:53 pm

What I know about Africa is that, it's the cradle of civilization :up:
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Re: What do you know about AFRICA

Postby IronSheik » Sat Dec 31, 2011 10:58 pm

Rabshoole wrote:What I know about Africa is that, it's the cradle of civilization :up:

:up:
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Re: What do you know about AFRICA

Postby ToughGong » Sat Dec 31, 2011 11:30 pm

The northern most point in Africa is Ras ben Sakka in Tunisia. The most southerly point is Cape Agulhas in South Africa.

The western most point is Cape VerdeThe most Easterly point is Ras Hafun in Somalia,

Mogadishu, Somalia is the 4th most dangerous city in the world. Johannesburg, South Africa is 10th. (For comparison’s sake Washington, DC is the 5th most dangerous city in the world!!!)

Eighteen people from Africa have been awarded a Nobel prize. They come from Algeria, Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa.
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