***Beginning of a new era***
Maxamed Siad Barre’s explanation for the coup:
''Intervention by the Armed Forces was inevitable. It was no longer possible
to ignore the evil things like corruption, bribery, nepotism, theft of public
funds, injustice and disrespect to our religion and the laws of the country.
The laws were thrust aside and people did whatever they wanted.''
'There was no longer a sense of confidence in the national will, not even a minimum basis for national cooperation was established, and there was a high degree of moral decay.' (David D. Laitin, 1976)
***The beginning of the end of the era***
''Faced with shrinking popularity and an armed and organized domestic resistance, Siad Barre unleashed a reign of terror against the Majeerteen, the Hawiye, and the Isaaq, carried out by the Red Berets (Duub Cas), a dreaded elite unit recruited from among the president's Mareehaan clansmen. Thus, by the beginning of 1986 Siad Barre's grip on power seemed secure, despite the host of problems facing the regime.'' (Library of Congress, country study: Somalia)
‘’Members of the regime, who controlled and used the national coffers as their personal accounts, paid little attention to the details of the new contract and related questions of fairness and the national interest.
''Moreover, senior members of the regime and their families had a stake in this distribution because they owned plantations. For example, two large estates were owned by one of the president’s wives and one of his daughters.''
''For at least six years, top officials of the Somali government
diverted US food aid from the most needy to
enrich their friends and to feed the army fighting a
long-running border war with Ethiopia.''
''Some of the worst abuses occurred during Africa's most tragic
famine year, 1984. Only 12 percent of the 16,000 tons of emergency
food the US provided Somalia reached the hungry people it
was intended for, reported the GAO.''
''Instead, 9 percent went to
the Somali armed forces, 21 percent to other government bodies
for their use, and 58 percent was not even distributed.''
So Aideed learned from the Godfather Siad Barre how to steal food AID and re-direct it to own forces
More shocking and enlightening comparison between different periods of Somali history.
General Discussions: Current Events.